13:31, January 5th

Last summer, I found a vintage copy of Chester Himes'

The Heat's On
 at Shakespeare & Co, tiny, yet overstuffed English Language bookstore across the bank from Notre Dame-Paris. I was reminded that I was a part of a long tradition of black American creatives who sought refuge in this city from American injustice. 

The Europe of Himes' and James Baldwin's and Anna Julia Cooper's times no longer exists. While people of color have been in living throughout the continent for millennia, unprecedented migration from Asia, Africa, and Latin America over recent years has increased the ethnic diversity of the Europe, especially France. In turn, this is likely the cause for current attitudes of many Europeans on skin color.  Many resent that now they have to share their system of socialism with the people colonized in order to build the economic wealth behind it. 

44real France45with all their crime and laziness46

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